Crafts and Industries through the Ages

Borders of state (sudan-Hejaz)

Mohamed Ali’s outstanding experience of modernization was clear in developing the administrative system, creating the Egyp- tian army, achieving a great leap in the Egyptian agriculture, the backbone of the Egyptian economy, and most important, giving back to Egypt its pioneering role on the Mediterranean level

During his reign Egypt’s borders reached Sudan, Syria and Hejaz. During the era of his successors, Egypt   even stretched to East Africa.