Mohammad Ali who started his project to build a modern state in Egypt. Alien elements of knowledge, production, techniques, behavior and others were introduced and started to replace some of the components of the inherited traditional culture to which the people were used.
Modernization did not take place overnight. It is a process that has been going on for two ceni- turies, and is still going on today and will continue tomorrow. In spite of this fact, much of the components of the Egyptian traditional culture that prevailed till the end of the eighteenth cen-i tury still persist and resist disappearance. The Egyptian has two cultures simultaneously affecti ing him. He systematically gets modern culture from schools and through official information channels and the like. The other one is the traditional culture inherited from his ancestors, which singles the Egyptian out among others, and which bears his distinctive national character.
Cairene traditional architecture was the creation of Egyptian traditional artists and craftsi men whose concepts, skills, techniques, motifs and aesthetical values project the accumulation of knowledge transmitted through the traditional apprenticeship system of passing information from one generation to the other. These traditional artists and craftsmen created works and decoi- rations that represent technologies that may go as far back as the ancient Egyptians. Among the traditional arts and crafts one may mention: