Crafts and Industries through the Ages
2015

Project History

 1978 The Egyptian government announced its intention to build new museums in collaboration with UNESCO, namely:
1 – The Nubia Museum in Aswan: Exhibiting a collection of Nubian artifacts found during the Excavations Global Campaign for UNESCO to save the Nubian monuments, which stretched from 1960 to 1980.
2 – The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo. (The land of the island - currently known as “Opera")
• 1982 UNESCO has launched, at the request of the Egyptian government, a global campaign for the establishment of the Nubia Museum in Aswan and the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo.
• 1983 marked the formation of an executive committee of international experts from 15 countries who were members of the UNESCO, in addition to:
- International Council of Museums (ICOM)
- International Council of Museums and Sites (ICOMOS)
- International Centre for the study of cultural heritage preservation and restoration
(ICCROM)
- World Federation of landscaping architects (IFLA)
These institutions are interested in the areas of:
 Egyptian musuems - Planning museums -
Science museums - Architecture - Architecture and landscaping.
• 1984 marked the establishment of an international architectural competition in which architect Dr. Ghazali Kessiba’s work was selected as the winning project.
• 1985 A contract agreement was made with the owner of the winning project as well as the adoption of the architects and engineers of various disciplines coordinate the foreign museum.
• 1989 marked the completion of the tender documents in preparation for launching the
project for implementation.
• 1990 IPO has been shut down as a prelude to choose another location suitable for the project.
• 1994 Priority was given to the establishment of the Nubia Museum in Aswan that will
be launched in 1997.
• 1998 The area of Fustat as the seat of the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization.
• 2000 marked the work of the archaeological survey and the excavation site. UNESCO
has reviewed the project and the architectural museum where the architectural program
was updated as well as the modernization of systems and technical installations.
• 2002 Egypt’s first lady laid the foundation stone for the museum.
• 2004 marked the start of implementation of the museum.
• 2007 The transfer process of the selected artifacts of the museum to their temporary storage space in Fustat.
• March 2010 was the start of the second stage, which includes the preparations of labs, renovation workshops, and storage areas of the museum and the place where the monuments will be received, the interior finishing of the reception  building, the overall appearance of the location and the museum display inside and out.
• 2014 is the time schedules for open the first  phase

National Museum of Egyptian Civilization and UNESCO:


The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization is considered to be one of the main projects sponsored by the United Nations represented by the UNESCO thus their special attention and “full” support since 1982. The project included the first &only campaign organization in the world to create a museum in Aswan and Nubia Civilization in Cairo. There is close cooperation between Egypt and UNESCO in defining the objectives of the museum, consultancy and expertise in various fields relating to the establishment of the museum.
Also, there’s an ongoing dialogue between the Egyptian team and the UNESCO that is will be active until the official opening of the museum to the public.
Support and expertise:
UNESCO offers Egypt its “technical” support in various aspects in order to establish the
National Museum of Egyptian civilisation through its team of consultants and large multi-disciplinary professionals. The work is synchronized with the Egyptian experts which include the fields of archaeology, architecture, landscape architecture and science museums and design exhibitions, maintenance, restoration and education services and environmental conditions, security and management and administration, documentation and training.

2) Building Museum

    A) The total land area of 33 acres

      Building Area: 87,445 m 2

Home based:

 Total area: 13170 square meters

- Reception and Information

- Educational Services

- Museum Stores

- Cafeterias and restaurants

- Lounge ceremonies, a cinema and theater

- Commercial areas

Based galleries Multimedia:

- Galleries of permanent and temporary 23 235 m 2

- Stores

- Coefficient of maintenance and workshops

- Museum Management

- Services Museum

Area garages: Garage flat cars 11 700 m 2 400 cars can

Bus Garage 6700 m 2 flat 45 can bus

Flat total: 18 400 m 2 32640 m2


 Scenario of the museum galleries:

There will be a display of the museum's collections of archaeology. They will be exhibited in three different regions which are:
Area I:

Includes the main gallery of the museum, also known as "the heart of the museum," which highlights the most important achievements of Egyptian civilization in chronological order and through browsing through the gallery the visitor can get a complete idea of Egyptian civilization and its most fundamental characteristics during the following eras:

1 – The Medieval era.

2 – The Archaic era.

3 – The Pharaonic era.

4 – The Greco-Roman period.

5 – The Coptic period.

6 – The Islamic period.

7 - The modern period.

8 - The contemporary period.

• Region II:
The main featured topics are divided into six topics.
The first topic :The dawn of civilization:
The visitor can identify the detailed aspects of the Egyptian civilization in the early ages and the great transformation that has occurred on the aspects of human life since the Egyptian acquaintance with stability, agriculture education, grazing, formation of regions and cities up until the beginning of the composition characteristics of the Egyptian state.
The second topic : The Nile:


The topic offers an analysis & an account of how the River Nile emerged which includes 
how it’s considered to be backbone of the civilization of Egypt and provided them with the grace of a blessing of stability and continuity and about the rights of the Egyptian mere collector of food to the producer. The Egyptians used the Nile in agriculture, fishing, and transport. They lived together and founded greatest civilizations on the side of the Nile known as the Nile’s Delta, one of the world's oldest rivers. The topic also identifies the story of the Nile’s transformations from time to time and about its branches drying, the branches have become two instead of seven branches since the establishment of reservoirs and dams to prevent flooding of the Nile which is the high dam’s job to prevent the evils of a Nile flood.
The third topic: Writing and Science
The topic is represented based on the latest archaeological discoveries and refute the allegations that cuneiform writing is the oldest forms of writing since the archaeological discoveries at Abydos proved that the Egyptians have reached Egyptian writing before the cuneiform by more than three hundred years.
It also deals with the brilliance of Egyptians and their excelling in the sciences and
affirms Egypt as a pioneer at that and sheds light on areas which was believed to be credited to non-Egyptians, but the evidence available through archaeological discoveries confirmed the lead and excellence of Egyptians and their skill in many of the sciences such as medicine, astronomy, mathematics and science of embalming, and others.
Fourth Topic: Material culture
There’s a lot of material evidence that highlights the Egyptian civilization like architecture and its evolution since prehistoric times and until the modern era as well as different types of civil, religious, funerary or military architecture... etc. Moreover it represents the story of the arts in the Egyptian civilization, starting from sculpture and photography, jewelry and decorations throughout the ages. It also deals with musical & expressive instruments since ancient times up until now.
The fifth issue :State and society
It deals with an explanation and an analysis of the governmental ruling system and their coexistence with the community as all the evidence that the oldest central government to the oldest state is Egypt and it also deals with how the relationship between the government and the society prevailed which makes Egyptians proud of that since ancient times up until now for it was based on justice and equality. As well as, the role of the Egyptian society in the forming a civilization renaissance all through an integrated system of values that prevailed in the Egyptian society since ancient times up until now, which affected how an Egyptian character is defined . As well as, the role of women in the Egyptian society and the Egyptian civilization and how the Egyptian civilization took the lead in recognizing the importance of women in the progression of civilization for women has taken part in building the Egyptian civilization at rates similar to those of men.

The exhibition also offers explanation and analysis to the most important social customs such as festivals and events, as well as addresses the supply and analysis of education systems through the ages, the judiciary and taxation, the army and the police and other Egyptian organizations.

Topic VI: Beliefs and thought
Presenting & analyzing the most important Egyptian beliefs, which shows that the Egyptians were the most people of strong faith and tolerance to other religions. It also confirms that the Egyptians were never slaves to statues or to any person but they were strongly believed in the power of God and his ability and this is depicted in many forms as well as the philosophy of the Egyptians and their interpretation of how Earth was formed, which was very close to what is contained in the holy books. The Egyptians dedication & commitment to their faith made them withstand huge waves of invasion, physical and intellectual development of the land of Egypt which lasted for hundreds of
years, but the strength of their faith was much more than that and how it has turned Egypt to the shelters of the Christian faith, which spread in Egypt and coexisted peacefully with the beliefs of the Egyptians. These characteristics were the ones that turned people into believers of Islam and this confirms that the faith and strength is reflected in the Egyptians. It also addresses the supply and analysis of customs and folk arts in Egypt since the oldest ages and even now the Egyptian way makes man rediscover himself and finds himself in full connection with his ancestors who made the glory of this civilization and how any visitor to Egypt is well aware of the need to continue this journey of civilization, preserve it and work on its evolution. 

 Region III: Kings of the Egyptian Empire
The exhibition area is the heart of the Museum of Civilization and the most important and unique place in this museum, where visitors can set a date to meet with kings and queens of Egypt, who have distinguished names that are familiar to the ear all over the world, kings & queens since ancient times up until now. The idea is meant to view them in a way that is suitable to their worth and not as mere mummies which is something unworthy of their position. Moreover, the showrooms are well equipped, designed and inspired by the idea of Pharaonic Egypt which makes the visitors live in the spirit of the life of that period in time.